Indonesia is a country with vast natural beauty stretching from Sabang to Merouke, diversity of culture and tourism combined with the unique characteristics of each local community. Indonesia is rich in the beauty of nature tourism, marine tourism, cultural tourism, heritage tourism and other attractions.
BOROBUDUR - Largest Buddhist Temple in the 9th Century
Borobudur was built by King Samaratungga, one of the kings of Old Mataram Kingdom, Dynasty dynasty descendants. Based Kayumwungan inscription, an Indonesian named Hudaya Kandahjaya revealed that Borobudur is a place of worship which was completed on 26 May 824, almost one hundred years since the early days was built. The name of Borobudur, as some people means a mountainhaving terraces (budhara), while the other says that Borobudur means monasteryon the heights.
This Buddhist temple has 1460 relief panels and 504 Buddha effigies in the complex. Millions of people longing to visit the buildings included in this WorldWonder Heritages. Not surprisingly, since architecturally and functionally, as a place of worship, Borobudur is attractive.
Borobudur Building punden shaped staircase consists of 10 levels. Height of 42 meters and 34.5 meters before it was renovated after the renovation because the lowest level was used as a drag. Six lowest level of a square and two upper circular form, and the highest level in the form of Buddhist stupa facing to the west.Each level represents the stages of human life. Corresponding schools of Mahayana Buddhism, every person who wants to reach the level of the Buddha should be through every level of life is.
The base of Borobudur, called Kamadhatu, symbolizing human beings that are still bound by lust. Four levels above it called Rupadhatu symbolizing human beings that have set themselves free from lust but still tied to appearance and shape. At that level, a statue of Buddha placed open. Meanwhile, three levels above where the Buddhist stupa placed in the holes is called Arupadhatu, symbolizing human beings that have been free from lust, appearance, and shape.The top part is called Arupa symbolizes nirvana, where Buddha is residing.
Each terrace has beautiful relief panels showing how skillful. Relief that will be read coherently when you walk clockwise (towards the left of the entrance of the temple). In the reliefs of Borobudur tells of a legendary story, Ramayana. In addition, there are relief panels describing the condition of society at that time.For example, relief of farmers' activity reflecting the advance of agriculture system and relief of sailing boat representing the advance of shipping at that time centered on Bergotta (Semarang).
All relief panels in Borobudur temple reflect the Buddha's teachings. Hence, this temple functions as educating the media for people who want to learn Buddhism.YogYES invites you to surround each of the narrow passageways in Borobudur in order to understand the philosophy of Buddhism. Atisha, a Buddhist from India in the 10th century once visited this temple that was built 3 centuries before Angkor Wat in Cambodia and 4 centuries before the Grand Cathedrals in Europe.
Thanks to visiting Borobudur and having the script of Serlingpa Buddhism (one of the King of Sriwijaya), Atisha was able to develop Buddhism. He became head Vikramasila monastery and taught Tibetans of practicing Dharma. Six manuscripts of Serlingpa was condensed into a core doctrine called "The Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment" or better known by the name Bodhipathapradipa.
One of the questions still unanswered about Borobudur is how the condition around the temple was built and why the temple was found in the buried. Some say Borobudur originally stood surrounded by swamp and then buried by the eruption of Merapi. Calcutta is essentially the inscription reads 'Amawa' means sea of milk. The word is then interpreted as the lava of Merapi. Some others say buried by cold lava of Merapi Borobudur.
With all the grandeur and mystery that is, only natural that many people of all enter the world penjru Borobudur as a place to visit in his life. Besides enjoying the temple, you can walk around to the villages around Borobudur, such Karanganyar and Wanurejo to see the activities of local crafts. You can also go to the top watu Kendil to be able to see panoramic view from the top of Borobudur. What are you waiting? No need to worry about an earthquake May 27, 2006, because of Borobudur is not affected at all.