Greatness Prambanan Temple
Candi Rara Jonggrang or Lara Jonggrang located in the Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple complex in Indonesia. This temple is situated on the island of Java, approximately 20 km east of Yogyakarta, 40 km west of Surakarta and 120 km south of Semarang, just on the border between the provinces of Central Java and Yogyakarta. Rara Candi Prambanan Jonggrang located in the village whose territory is divided between the districts of Sleman and Klaten.
This temple was built in about the year 850 AD by one of these two, namely: Rakai Pikatan, the second king of Mataram dynasty I or Balitung Maha Sambu, during the Sanjaya dynasty. Not long after being built, the temple was abandoned and deteriorating.
In 1733, this temple was found by the CA. Lons a Dutch national, then in 1855 Jan Willem IJzerman began cleaning up and move some rocks and soil from the chambers of the temple. Isaac Groneman few moments later did a major overhaul and temple stones were piled haphazardly along the River Opak. In 1902-1903, Theodoor van Erp keep parts are prone to collapse. In the years 1918-1926, followed by the Bureau of Archeological (Oudheidkundige Dienst) under PJ Perquin in a more methodical and systematic, as known to his predecessors did the removal and demolition of thousands of rock without thinking of the restoration effort kembali.Pada De Haan in 1926 continued until his death in 1930. In 1931 was replaced by Ir. V.R. van Romondt up in 1942 and later handed over leadership of the renovation was to the son of Indonesia and it continued until 1993
Many parts of the temple is renovated, using new stones, as many original stones were stolen or reused elsewhere. A temple will only be restored if at least 75% of the original stones are still there. Therefore, many small temples are not rebuilt and only the foundations are visible.
Now, this temple is a protected site by UNESCO since 1991. Among other things this means that the complex is shielded and has a special status, eg also in situations of war.
Prambanan is the largest Hindu temples in Southeast Asia, the main building is 47m high.
This temple complex consists of 8 main shrines or temples and more than 250 small temples.
Three main temple called Trisakti hyang and dedicated to the Trimurti: Shiva Batara the Destroyer, Vishnu the Preserver and Batara Batara Brahma the Creator.
Shiva temple in the middle, contains four rooms, one room in every direction of the wind. While the former contains a statue of Shiva Batara ten feet, the other three statues contain a smaller size, the statue of Durga, Shiva Batara sakti or wife, Agastya, teacher, and Ganesha, his son.
Durga is also known as Rara or Lara / Loro Jongrang (slender virgin) by the locals. For details see the article Loro Jonggrang.
Two other temples dedicated to Vishnu Batara, facing to the north and the other Batara dedicated to Brahma, who is facing to the south. In addition there are several other small temples dedicated to the cow Nandini, Batara vehicle of Shiva, the Goose, vehicle Batara Brahma, and the Garuda, Vishnu Batara vehicle.
Then twenty-reliefs around the edge of the temple depict the Ramayana epic. The version described here is different from Old Javanese Ramayana Kakawin, but similar to the Ramayana story is revealed through oral traditions. Besides the temple complex is surrounded by more than 250 temples vary in size and are called ancillary. In the Prambanan temple complex there is also a museum that stores the objects of history, including the god Shiva Linga stone, a symbol kesuburun.
Tag : candi, prambanan, temple, greatness