The temple is located in Kampung Pulo Cangkuang, Cangkuang Village, District Leles, Garut. Cangkuang village is surrounded by four large mountains in West Java, which, among other Haruman Mountain, Mount Kaledong, Mandalawangi Mountain and Thunder Mountain. The name derives from the name Temple Cangkuang village where the temple is located. The word 'Cangkuang' itself is a kind of plant names pandanus (Pandanus furcatus), which is widely available around the grave, Muhammad Arief Dalem grandparent, ancestor of Kampung Pulo. Cangkuang leaves can be used to make a hood, or wrapping mats of palm sugar.
Cangkuang cultural heritage located in a small inland lake in the middle (in Sundanese is called there), so as to reach this place one should use the raft. Besides the temple, on the island there are also indigenous settlements Kampung Pulo, which also became part of the cultural heritage area.
The temple was rediscovered by a team Cangkuang History Leles on December 9, 1966. The research team sponsored by Mr. Idji Hatadji (CV. Haruman) is chaired by prof. Harsoyo, Uka Tjandrasasmita (chairman of the Islamic historical research and archaeological institutes), and students from Bandung IKIP. Research carried out by writing in a book Vorderman Bataviaasch Genotschap Minutes published in 1893 which stated that there Cangkuang Village and a statue of an ancient tomb that has been damaged. Mentioned that the findings were located in Kampung Pulo hill.
The tomb and statue of Shiva in question was found. In early studies it appears that the presence of stone ruins of a temple building. Ancient tomb in question is the tomb of Muhammad Arief considered locals as their ancestors.
In early studies it appears there is a stone temple ruins and beside it there is an ancient tombs following a statue of Shiva which is located in the middle of the rubble. With the discovery of andesite stones shaped beam, a team of researchers led Tjandrasamita feel confident that in the neighborhood was originally a temple there. Local residents often use the blocks for the headstone.
Based on that belief, researchers conducted excavations at the site. Near the tomb of Muhammad Arief researchers discovered the foundations of the temple berkuran 4.5 x 4.5 meters and other temple stones are scattered.
With the invention of the Institute of History and Antiquities Team immediately carry out research in the area. Until 1968, the research is still ongoing. Temple restoration process began in 1974-1975 and the implementation of the reconstruction carried out in 1976 which covers the body frame, roof and a statue of Shiva and is equipped with a joglo museum with a view to be used to store and inventory of historic objects from the entire cultural legacy Garut. In the implementation of the restoration in 1974 has been recovered stone temples that are portions of the foot of the temple. The main obstacle is a rock temple reconstruction of the temple were found only about 40% of the original, so genuine stones are used to reconstruct the temple is only about 40%. The rest is made of mortar, pebbles, sand and iron.
Cangkuang Temple is the first temple was restored, and also to fill the historical gap between Purnawarman and Pajajaran. Experts suspect that Cangkuang Temple was founded in the 8th century, is based on:
1. level of rock mustiness;
2. simplicity of the form (no relief).
After restoration, the temple has Cangkuang size corresponding to its natural state. Building height to the top of the roof was 8.5 m. The temple stands on a square foot berdenah measuring 4.5 x 4.5 m. The roof of the temple compound to form a pyramid-stacking. Along the banks of any such arrangement decorated with small crowns, similar to that found in the temples Gedongsanga.
The entrance to the room in the temple is located on the east side. There are stairs to reach the door as wide as about 75 cm at about 1 m. The entrance is flanked by walls that form the door frame. There is no ornate carvings on the door frame.
Currently on the threshold of the entrance to the room has been installed that terkunci.Dalam barred doors of the temple there is a space area of 2.2 m2 with a height of 3.38 m. In the middle of the room there is a statue of Shiva as high as 62 cm. It is said that just under the statue there is a hole as deep as 7 m, but it can not be proven because visitors are not allowed into the room.
Kampung Pulo customary settlement
Kampung Pulo is a small village, consisting of six houses and six heads of households. It has become customary provisions that the number of home and family head had to be six people with an array of three houses on the left and the three houses that face each other on the right plus one mosque as a place of worship.
Hence the second row of houses must not be plus or minus.
If a child has grown and married then no later than two weeks after the wedding had to leave the house where it came from, out of the six traditional house is. He could return keasalnya when one family died on the condition of women and children should be determined on the selection of local families.
Grandparent Dalem Arief Muhammad
Grandparent Dalem Arief Muhammad and the local community who have to stem this area, thus forming a lake with a name Cangkuang Situ. Upon completion of this area dammed, the low plains become lakes, and the hills became islands. The island, among others, Long Island (Pulo village where applicable), Gede Island, Island leutik (small), Island wedus, Katanda Island, and Island Masigit. Grandparent Dalem Arief Muhammad came from the Kingdom of Mataram, East Java. He and his troops came up with the aim of attacking the army of the VOC in Batavia and spread Islam in the Village Cangkuang.
Cangkuang village, Kampung Pulo in particular, it was already inhabited by people who embrace Hinduism. This is evident from the existence of Hindu temples which have now been restored. Propagation method is carried out not far from Arief Muhammad Wali Songo propagation pattern. Grandparent wisely Dalem Arief Muhammad invites local communities to embrace Islam.
Guidelines propaganda taught by Muhammad Arief principled on the teachings of Islam are not familiar with violence and coercion, but with peace and sincere hearts. The teachings are delivered and Arief Muhammad written in the texts are no different from what we get from the clergy today. With reference to the Qur'an and the Hadith, he teaches a variety of things to deal with all the personal life of people forming a true Muslim by Allah SWT mentauhidkan, good moral, and leaving what is forbidden by Allah SWT.
The things that prove the existence of the spread of Islam carried out at the beginning of the seventeenth century, among others:
Friday sermon manuscript made of goat skin with a size of 176 X 23 cm. Although it looks a little bit damaged, but the writing in the manuscript is still clearly legible.
Holy Qur'an made from the bark (Saih) with a size of 33 X 24 cm. Which were eaten by the age, condition of the book is seen torn. Nevertheless this book Quran can still be read clearly.
Science Book of Jurisprudence is made of bark (Saih) with a size of 26 X 18.5 cm.
Tomb of Muhammad Arief Dalem grandparent who are on the southern temple Cangkuang. This suggests that the harmony of religious life in the archipelago has been nurtured since hundreds of years ago
The residents of Kampung Pulo gradually embraced Islam, but some of his old beliefs still they do. For example, on Wednesday a great day for them, and not Friday
Source : http://wisatacandi.wordpress.com
Tag : temple cangkuang, candi cangkuang