Ujung Kulon National Park
Ujung Kulon National Park is representative of tropical rain forest ecosystem remaining lowland and the largest in West Java, and is an ideal habitat for the survival of endangered Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) and other rare animals. There are three types of ecosystems in national parks is the aquatic ecosystem of sea, marsh ecosystems, and terrestrial ecosystems.
Diversity of plants and animals in Ujung Kulon National Park began to be known by the researchers, botanists Netherlands and the UK since 1820.
Approximately 700 species of plants is well protected and 57 of them rare species such as merbau (Intsia bijuga), palahlar (Dipterocarpus haseltii), Bungur (Lagerstroemia speciosa), luminous (Pterospermum diversifolium), ki rain (Engelhardia serrata) and various species of orchid .
Animals in Ujung Kulon National Park consists of 35 species of mammals, 5 species of primates, 59 species of reptiles, 22 species of amphibians, 240 species of birds, 72 species of insects, 142 species of fish and 33 species of coral. Endangered and protected animals other than Java rhinoceros is the banteng (Bos javanicus javanicus), ajag (Cuon alpinus javanicus), Javan (Presbytis Comata Comata), langur (Trachypithecus auratus auratus), deer (Cervus russa timorensis), leopard (Panthera pardus), cats rock (Prionailurus javanensis bengalensis), gibbon (Hylobates moloch), and giant clam (Tridacna gigas).
Ujung Kulon National Park is an interesting natural attractions, the beauty and uniqueness of various forms of natural phenomena in the form of a jeramnya rivers, waterfalls, white sand beaches, hot springs, marine parks and cultural heritage / history (Ganesha statue, Mount Panaitan Mercury Island). They are all natural charm of a very interesting place to visit and hard to find elsewhere.
Species of interest in Ujung Kulon National Park, both living in the sea or rivers, among others, butterfly fish, clown, angel, lion, parrot, glodok and chopsticks. Fish and fish glodok chopsticks are two types of fish are very strange and unique that glodok fish have the ability to climb trees, while the fish chopsticks have the ability to spray water over a height of more than one meter to shoot prey (insects) in the i the leaves of the branches protrude above the water surface
Ujung Kulon National Park with Krakatau Nature Reserve is a national asset, and has been designated as a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991.
To improve the management of Ujung Kulon National Park as a World Natural Heritage Site, UNESCO has provided funding support and technical assistance.
Communities living around the national park is famous for its tribal Bantam debusnya art. Communities are followers of Islam, but they still retain the customs, traditions, and culture of their ancestors.
Inside the park, there is a place - a sacred place for the benefit of spiritual beliefs. The most famous place as a pilgrimage destination is the cave Biosciences Sirah, which is located on the western tip of peninsula of Ujung Kulon.
Other tourist attractions around the Ujung Kulon National Park
Tamanjaya and Cibiuk. The main entrance to the facility, information center, guest house, dock, hot springs.
Kalejetan Coast, Coral Beds, Cibandawoh. The phenomenon of ocean waves and sandy beaches south heavy, observation of plants and animals.
Peucang Island. White sand beaches, coral reefs, clear blue sea waters ideal for swimming events, diving, fishing, snorkeling and an ideal place for animal observation in their natural habitat.
Coral Copong, Citerjun, Cidaon, Ciujungkulon, Cibunar, Cape screen, and Ciramea. Exploring the forest, river scour, pasture grazing animals, waterfalls and the turtle nesting.
Handeuleum Island, Cigenter, Cihandeuleum. Observing animals (bull, boar, deer, traces of the Javan and various species of birds), scour the river in the mangrove forest ecosystem.
Panaitan Island, and the Mount of Mercury. Diving, surfing, travel and culture / history.
The best visiting season: April / d in September.
How to reach the location:
Jakarta - Serang (1 1 / 2 hours via toll road), Attack - Pandeglang - Labuan (1 1 / 2 hour) or Jakarta - Cilegon (2 hours via toll road), Cilegon - Labuan (1 hour) or Bogor - Rangkasbitung - Pandeglang - Labuan (4 hours).Labuan - Wells (2 hours), Wells - Peucang Island (1 hour by motor boat fishing) or Labuan - Pulau Peucang (4 hours by motor boat fishing).
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